Glucose Levels Chart
Glucose Levels Chart can help you monitor your health. Glucose is a simple sugar that is present in the bloodstream that is the body’s main source of energy. The amount of glucose in your system is continually renewed when the carbohydrates that you eat are broken down into a simpler form to be utilized by your body. While glucose is crucial in making sure that everything in your body is running as it should, too much or too little of it can cause health problems, including diabetes and hypoglycemia. A glucose levels chart will help you determine whether the glucose in your system is within the normal range or not, or if you are already reaching sugar levels diabetes.
What is a glucose levels chart?
Glucose level, also known as blood sugar level, is the amount of glucose present in your blood. A glucose levels chart, as its name indicates, is a table that you can use to see whether your blood sugar level is within normal range or not. There are three kinds of glucose levels. These are:
- Normal glucose level: This is the glucose level range of most people, indicative that there are no problems in the system when it comes to the amount of sugar in the blood. It’s important to keep blood sugar at the normal level to make sure that the body is functioning as it should.
- High glucose level: A high glucose level on the glucose levels chart is indicative of hyperglycemia, a condition wherein the body is not able to produce enough insulin to regulate the glucose in the blood. Experiencing hyperglycemia for a prolonged period of time can lead to diabetes mellitus as well as other ailments such as cardiovascular diseases, poor vision, and nerve problems.
- Low glucose level: A low glucose level on the glucose levels chart, on the other hand, is indicative of hypoglycemia, a condition wherein blood sugar plunges, causing weakness, lethargy, and even unconsciousness. While this can easily be treated by consuming glucose-rich food or drink, the condition can be fatal if left untreated.
The glucose levels chart can be used not only to help you determine what your blood sugar level is, but also as a guide that you can use to determine the quantity of carbohydrates that you need to consume within the day and the amount of physical activity and exercise that you need to exert. The glucose levels chart is an important tool used by diabetics to make sure that their blood sugar levels don’t fluctuate, causing further health problems.
The normal range of blood sugar according to the glucose levels chart is between 70 and 100 mg/dl. Any level lower than that range is indicative of the person is suffering from hypoglycemia. Having blood sugar falling between 101 to 126 mg/dl on the glucose levels chart is a sign that the person is already at the pre-diabetes/early diabetes stage. A person who has more than 126 mg/dl is diagnosed as having established diabetes.
However, do note that while this is the common glucose levels chart followed by patients and doctors, determining what is normal isn’t so simple as that. First of all, there are different glucose levels charts, so the numbers shown above may differ depending on what chart and measure you’re following. Furthermore, there are also factors that can determine what is considered as normal. These include:
The type of blood sugar test conducted: What is considered as normal on the glucose levels chart will depend on the tests conducted. There are four common tests conducted to check blood sugar levels. These are:
- Simple blood sugar test: For the simple blood sugar test, the normal range is between 80 and 100 mg/dl, pre-diabetes is at 100-199 mg/dl, and established diabetes is at 200 mg/dl or higher.
- Fasting blood sugar test: The numbers listed earlier are actually taken from the glucose levels chart on the fasting blood sugar test.
- Oral-glucose-tolerance test: For the oral-glucose-tolerance test, less than 140 mg/dl is considered as normal, pre-diabetes levels are at 140 to 199 mg/dl, established diabetes has levels over 200 mg/dl.
- A1C test. A1C classifies 4 to 6% as normal, while a result that’s 7% or higher is indicative of diabetes.
The time where the blood sugar test was taken: The time wherein the blood sugar level test was conducted can also affect what the normal range on the glucose levels chart is. For example, your blood sugar level should be at its lowest when you wake up in the morning, and it should increase after you have a meal.
The condition of the person taking the blood sugar test: A pregnant woman may follow a different glucose levels chart, as pregnancy can cause blood sugar levels to spike. A condition called gestational diabetes can be contracted during pregnancy, wherein the pregnant woman can have a blood sugar level that’s higher than normal. This condition usually disappears after giving birth.
Factors that can affect your status on the glucose levels chart
There are several factors that can affect where you place on the glucose levels chart. These include:
- Diet: The kind of food that you eat will greatly affect what your blood sugar level is, as well as where you are on the glucose levels chart.
- Drugs: Certain medications, such as beta blockers, quinine, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and aspirin can cause your blood sugar levels to plummet. Insulin will also affect your blood sugar levels.
- Alcohol: Alcohol can also cause your blood sugar level to go down.
- Tumors: Pancreatic tumors can lead to hypoglycemia, as the organ is responsible for the production of insulin.
- Illnesses: Liver and kidney problems as well as adrenal abnormalities and other similar illnesses can also affect your blood sugar levels.
It’s important for diabetics to monitor their blood sugar level, as this will determine what kinds of food they should eat during the day. Ideally, diabetic patients, particularly those who have Type 1 diabetes, should do blood sugar testing at least three times a day, such as when after waking up, before and after meals, before and after exercise, and before bedtime. You can even create your own glucose levels chart to monitor your daily progress.
Those who don’t have diabetes will also find it advantageous to monitor their blood sugar levels, not only to see whether they’re at risk of contracting this serious illness, but also because it can also help them maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid health complications.
A glucose levels chart can help both diabetics and non-diabetics control their sugar levels to make sure that their system is running as it should. Consult with your doctor regarding your glucose level so you will know what to do to make sure that your blood sugar remains at a healthy level.
For your health let’s use the Glucose Levels Chart
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