Painful ovulation, have you ever been experiencing? Every woman goes through ovulation, a phase in the female menstrual cycle that involves the release of the ovum or the egg from one of the two ovaries. For a majority of women, the ovulation phase occurs once a month until the dawn of menopause, and absent during pregnancy and breastfeeding. According to statistics, one in five women will experience discomfort and pain during their ovulation. The length of the pain and other uncomfortable symptoms vary from one woman to another, and should range in only a few minutes to about 48 hours. A painful ovulation is not a cause for alarm on most cases. For some women, however, when pain and discomfort are already severe, symptoms may be caused of other gynaecological conditions, particularly endometriosis.
If painful ovulation lasts for more than three days and is associated with a variety of other strange menstrual symptoms, like heavy bleeding for example, a trip to the doctor is advised. Knowing about the symptoms of painful ovulation will help you determine if a visit to the doctor is necessary. Here’s everything you need to know about pain associated with the menstrual cycle.
Everything You Need to Know About Painful Ovulation
Symptoms of Painful ovulation
Ovulation can bring about a variety of pain symptoms that may range from mild to moderate. Among the symptoms of painful ovulation are the following:
Pain felt around the lower abdomen, near the hip bone.
The pain is likely to occur two weeks before the menstrual period begins.
Pain may also be felt on the left or right side of the lower abdomen, fully depending on which ovary will release the egg.
The location of the pain varies from cycle to cycle. Painful ovulation may be located on one side in one cycle, and move to the other side on the next cycle, or even remain on just one side for a few cycles.
Another factor that varies from one woman to another is the sensation of the pain. Others feel uncomfortable pressure, others feel sharp pains, and some feel twinges, while some also report feeling a cramping sensation.
The duration of the pain will usually last in just minutes to up to 48 hours. Any pain felt for three days or more requires consultation with a medical professional.
Causes of Painful ovulation
Up to this day, despite the advancements in technology and medical science, the exact cause of painful ovulation is still unknown. There are, however, two theories that people believe are the main cause of painful ovulation. Some professionals believe that painful ovulation is caused by the emergence of a follicle. During the menstruation, a variety of hormones are produced by the body to signal the production of about 20 follicles. Each follicle in the reproductive system holds an ovum or an immature egg. Only one out of these 20 follicles will survive and actually reach maturity. Some scientists believe that painful ovulation is produced by the stretching of the ovarian membrane caused by the expanding of the follicles.
Another theory about painful ovulation is the rupturing of a follicle. An egg that matures in the ovaries will eventually burst, which will cause slight bleeding. Once the blood and the fluids flow from the ruptured follicle, they end up in the abdominal lining or the peritoneum causing pain and discomfort.
Other Causes of Painful ovulation
In a majority of cases, painful ovulation is completely harmless and is a natural part of the menstrual cycle. In some cases, however, such as those in women who have experienced prolonged pain or other unnatural pains in the lower abdomen, other underlying medical conditions may be the cause. Here are some of the possible medical conditions associated with painful ovulation.
Chronic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: This begins with an inflammation which is then followed by an infection.
Ectopic Pregnancy: Ectopic pregnancy is a severe condition that is characterized by the growing of the baby outside of the womb, particularly in one of the two fallopian tubes. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include abdominal bleeding, vaginal bleeding, and cramping. Should you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention at once.
Appendicitis: In some cases, pain in the appendix is confused with painful ovulation. Appendicitis and painful ovulation are two very different cases. If you are experiencing pain on the right side of the abdomen, coupled with vomiting and nausea, seek medical help.
Gastrointestinal Problems: Pain in the lower abdomen may also be symptomatic of various gastrointestinal problems which include gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, or a perforate ulcer. Once again, seek medical help.
Methods for Diagnosis
In order to determine if painful ovulation is normal or is caused by a disease of an infection, a number of tests are employed. A visit to the doctor for the diagnosis of your painful ovulation may involve blood tests, vaginal ultrasound, abdominal ultrasound, exploratory surgery, a recording of your medical history, and a number of physical examinations such as internal pelvic examination.
Home Care Methods
Dealing with painful ovulation can be very stressful, especially if symptoms are very uncomfortable. Before anything else, it is highly advisable that you speak with a medical professional regarding your painful ovulation to determine if the pain you’re feeling is symptomatic of other medical conditions. For benign painful ovulation, however, there are number of care methods you can employ. First off, you must relax, and if the pain is being unbearable, rest in bed as much as possible. You can also use painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, heat packs, and warm baths. Birth control pills and other hormonal contraceptives may also prevent symptoms of painful ovulation because they halt ovulation. If you want to try this option, speak with your doctor.
If your painful ovulation lasts for more than three days, if the pain you’re feeling is unusually severe, or if you are experiencing other symptoms, visit your doctor. Symptoms of unusual discharge or heavy bleeding are not normal, so talk to your doctor at once should you be experiencing these symptoms.
We hope you can now prevent yourself from the painful ovulation.
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