Pacemaker surgery and Artificial Pacemakers
Pacemaker surgery and even artificial pacemakers has confused a lot of people in the past. This is because there are many different ideas surfacing regarding everything related to artificial pacemakers. People might have a clue about what exactly a pacemaker does but what they fail to realize is that they are only actually scratching the surface.
This article will help people better understand what are artificial pacemakers, how they help people, how the pacemaker surgery procedure works and what are some of the problems that might occur when people have artificial pacemakers attached into their hearts.
Artificial pacemakers are electronic devices that are installed within a person’s body. The pacemaker machine is an artificial machine that was designed to help dictate the contraction of the human heart. In other words, the pacemaker was created specifically to help with the timing of the heart. The best analog for this is when a musician uses a metronome in order to perfect or correct the timing when they are playing the piano or any other musical instrument. There are a lot of reasons for people to get pacemakers through pacemaker surgery but one of the most common reasons for having an artificial pacemaker installed into the heart is to help the heart pump faster or meet the necessary level for a person to live properly.
Some people think that artificial pacemakers are something that is just attached into a body and that there are no natural pacemakers placed in the heart. The truth is, everybody has a natural pacemaker somewhere in their hearts. Just like the artificial pacemaker, the actual natural pacemaker also maintains the proper rhythm of the human heart.
There are many uses for the artificial pacemaker aside from speeding up a person’s heartbeat. Here are some of the more common reasons why people opt to undergo pacemaker surgery just to get these permanent or temporary pacemakers into their bodies:
Artificial pacemakers either temporary or permanent are also implanted into a person’s body to help control the speed of the heart. While most cases involve people with slow heartbeat there are also documented medical cases of artificial pacemakers implanted in order to slow down a person’s heart that beats faster than the average heart would.
The pacemakers are also attached in some cases to make sure that hearts ventricles contract normally when the hearts atria is quivering instead of normally beating.
It also helps bridge the gap and the transmission between the lower and upper chambers of the heart.
Pacemakers are also installed to help prevent arrhythmias which are usually caused by an illness called long QT syndrome.
What you know about Pacemaker Surgery?
The artificial pacemaker and even the actual pacemaker surgery has a long history that began in 1899 when J.A. McWilliams published the results of his experiment in an article in the British Medical Journal which revealed that when the human heart gets exposed to a gentle electrical impulse, the result is a contraction that changes to rhythm of the heart rate to a staggering 60-70 beats per minute. The very first artificial pacemaker was created in 1932 by American physiologist Albert Hyman who followed the principles that was written by J.A. McWilliams. Hyman created the very first electro-mechanical pacemaker that was powered with the use of a hand crank motor. Canadian electrical engineer John Hopps on the other hand designed and built the very first external artificial pacemaker which was based on his observations during his stay at the Toronto General Hospital with the help of cardio-thoracic surgeon Wilfred Gordon Bigelow.
The very first silicon transistor was develop and made available to the general public in 1956 while the first patient to receive an artificial implantable pacemaker through a remarkable pacemaker surgery was Arne Larsson who underwent the surgery in 1958.
Pacemakers that are attached into a person’s heart can also be classified either as a permanent artificial pacemaker or a temporary pacemaker. In the case of a temporary pacemaker procedure, doctors would usually let the patient’s heart get used to pumping blooding with the assistance of the pacemaker acting as a support or crutch. Then as time goes by, the functions of the artificial pacemaker is slowly decreased until such time as when the patient’s heart has fully recovered and can pump properly. The only problem with temporary artificial pacemakers is that it would require more than one pacemaker surgery until the process and the procedure is completely done. Another problem that might occur when a person is using a temporary pacemaker is that they might end up staying for a longer time in the hospital as compared to people who have been implanted with permanent pacemakers.
The process of pacemaker surgery is also arduous. The procedure will take no longer than an hour and will require the patient to receive a local anesthetic on the part where the actual artificial pacemaker would be implanted. Once that’s done the surgeon and the nurses will start inserting antibiotics and other important medications into the patients’ bloodstream. Usually patients who have undergone pacemaker surgery have stated that they did not feel anything during the procedure but have commented that they did feel a bit of pressure especially during the times where the doctors where applying pressure on the machine as well as during the final phase of the operation.
Once you hit the recovery room, you’ll just need time to recuperate and you’re all set to go home. It is important to note however that a person with pacemaker implants should not be allowed to prolonged exposure to electronic devices. These devices include:
High tension wires
Cellular or mobile phones
Ipods or iPads
The reason for the possible avoidance of these kinds of machinery and devices is because they can disrupt the electrical exchange between the pacemaker and the heart. There are no clear indications that the pacemaker has stopped working so it would be best to just avoid these equipment if possible.
When a pacemaker surgery is done right, you don’t have anything to worry about. A patient should just eat healthy and start taking care of his or her health better in order to live a healthy and longer life.
Let’s get yourself ready for pacemakers surgery.
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